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What Is Orthodontics?


Orthodontics is the branch of dentistry that adjusts unaligned teeth and jaws. It is hard to maintain clean inflamed gums and crooked teeth; Also, they are at risk of being lost early due to tooth erosion and periodontal disease. Crooked teeth increase tension on the chewing muscles that can lead to headaches, jaw, shoulder, and back pain, and TMJ syndrome. Orthodontic surgery is a method of straightening or shifting teeth to change their shape and how they perform. By extending the chewing sensation equally over all your teeth, will help you to maintain healthy teeth, gums, and jaw joints.

Importance of orthodontic treatment

Addressing orthodontic conditions is not just about aesthetics and enhancing self-confidence; there are also very significant reasons for oral health. According to the AAO(American Association of Orthodontists), deformities can cause trouble chewing and talking while wearing away adhesive on healthy teeth and intentionally causing tension on the gum tissue and surrounding bone. Furthermore, it is impossible to brush teeth that are distorted or overlapping, which can place you at risk for tooth decay and gum disease.

Methods implemented by specialists in orthodontics

Orthodontists are dental professionals who are college-trained in dental and facial irregularity detection, diagnosis, and care. They have a wide variety of treatment choices for straightening crooked teeth, correcting weak bites, and properly connecting the jaws. The use of fixed or portable equipment may require orthodontic therapy. Braces, headgears, palatal expansion treatments, jaw surgeries are among the orthodontic methods.

Braces: Braces are usually installed on the front side of the teeth but can also be placed on the back of the teeth. Using an adhesive, braces made of stainless steel or porcelain are attached to the middle of the teeth. Wires in the brackets are inserted in a slot that allows for controlled motion in all three components. Your specialist can implement elastic bands to enhance the force of wires. The length of treatment differs from person to person for multiple reasons, but the average duration is one to three years.

Headgears: Referred to as an “extra-oral appliance,” orthodontic headgear is a medical solution that enables the patient to wear a system strapped to his or her head to help fix malocclusion, usually used where the teeth are not correctly spaced. Along with braces or other orthodontic equipment, headgear is the most commonly used option.

Palatal expansion: Palatal expansion may be performed using fixed or reversible appliances. serious

Jaw Surgeries: If you have severe dental problems, you may necessitate jaw surgery. During the procedure, the bone is reinforced with titanium plates and screws to allow recovery to occur. Moreover, standard orthodontic care is used to align the teeth.

Why do I seek orthodontic therapy?

Only a dentist or orthodontist can decide whether orthodontics can help you. If you are eligible for treatment, your orthodontist will make appropriate plans according to your test results and medical history. You may be a candidate for orthodontic care if you have any of the following: overbite, underbite, crossbite, open bite, misplaced midline, spacing, crowding.

How does orthodontic treatment work?

Several different types of equipment, both fixed and reversible, are used to help shift teeth, retrain muscles, and impact jaw development. By putting gentle pressure on the teeth and jaws, these appliances work. Many kinds of equipment, which most individuals call a ”brace”, will conduct orthodontic care. What an orthodontic solution is likely to be the most successful will decide the uniqueness of your issue.

Is there a specific age range to have orthodontic treatment?

Generally, the ideal period is through adolescence, but adults can often get orthodontic surgery. Today, parents do not only choose treatment for their children; they still see for themselves the benefits of orthodontic treatment. An extra advantage for adults is that today’s orthodontic appliances are more discreet than in the past.

When the teeth are in the proper position, what happens? 

Once the teeth are finally aligned, your orthodontist will place tooth retention on the back of your teeth. This phase helps to maintain the corrected position after treatment and prevent any misplacements. Depending upon the original issue, the retainers may be removable or fixed.

Does orthodontic treatment hurt?

At first, all appliances can feel strange. The orthodontist will be able to carry out adjustments to assist if the condition is not treated. Typically, teeth are irritated soon after a brace modification; however, this effect will quickly fade.

The connection between Dental Hygiene and Orthodontic Care

  1. After any meal and snack and before bed, brush your teeth with fluoridated toothpaste. Make sure to pack a portable toothbrush while away from home.
  2. Contact your dentist or orthodontist for using a rinse with a drug that may help avoid darkening.
  3. Use dental floss.

Potential risks of orthodontic therapy

Early tooth loss may occur if the braces’ areas are not kept clean, and plaque has formed around fixed braces that cause periodontal diseases (especially if the diet is high in sugar).

Root resorption or dissolution of the teeth’ roots- This problem may result in movement and binding of the teeth with braces.

Insufficient support for gums: 

Patients wearing braces are likely susceptible to exacerbate gum inflammation and gum diseases.

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