How do dental implants work?
The dental implant is a surgical procedure that substitutes dental roots with metal, screw-like columns and replaces damaged or missing teeth with artificial teeth that look like real teeth in appearance and function. The performance of the surgery depends on the type of implant and the shape of your jawbone.
How do we define success in Dental Implant Surgery?
The success rate of dental implants varies depending on where the implants are placed in the jaw, but, in general, the success rate of dental implants is up to 98 percent. To put it simply, the better the implant adapts to the bone, the higher the success rate will be. In the successful recovery model, a functional and structural direct connection occurs between the bone and the implant.
The situations that will affect this connection can be listed as follows:
Dental Implant Failure
The formation of unsuccessful healing with fibrous scar tissue formation and clinical mobility between the implant and the bone surface is called fibre integration. (This is some failure of the implant.) The healing of overly mobile implants results in fibre integration, because the body perceives the moving structures as foreign materials and creates a cystic structure or infection there.
Another issue that we consider as a failure is a very tight implant that may cause jawbone deformation. In other words, implants that cannot provide the patient with function, aesthetics, and phonetics are considered unsuccessful.
Removal of a failed dental implant is, in most cases, a safe and relatively simple process. But it depends on the case because some bone-integrated implants can cause severe bone loss and trauma and therefore require a very careful treatment and care.
Although all these are physiological reasons for implants’ failure, there are other reasons such as lack of education about dental implants in dental faculties or lack of communication between specialists and dentists.
Who are suitable for surgery, and who is not?
Dental implants may be right for you if you have one or more missing teeth, have a jawbone that has grown to full, have the bone sufficient to secure the implants or have a bone graft. Diabetic patients should consider some instructions before the surgery. The medicines are discontinued in those who use blood thinners before treatment. Those with osteoporosis may be treated with the implant after receiving appropriate treatment. Also, it is crucial not to consume any tobacco and alcohol. Because bacteria in the mouth like to attach to metal surfaces and cause infection in the implant area, extra attention should be given to oral hygiene.
After the Procedure
Whether you have dental implant surgery in one or more stages, you may endure some of the typical discomforts linked with any dental surgery, such as gum and face inflammation, skin and gum, pain in the implant location, and minor bleeding.
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